Underwater Drones and Monitoring your Hull's Paint Job
Last April we posted a blog that explored the prime reasons ship owners and operators should inspect their hulls on a regular basis. From paint jobs to contraband inspections, monitoring the status of a vessel’s hull is important to ensure the integrity of the structure and to reduce damage and the costs of wear and tear over time.
Today we are going to examine why paint inspections of hulls are so important. Maritime paint applications are unique in that the paint needs to be specifically designed to withstand a breadth of water temperatures, currents, ocean environments and bio-fouling organisms.Biofouling is the accumulation of organisms, plants, algae, or animals on a wetted surface (like a hull). Over time, fouling organisms build up and can compromise the performance of the ship. Even worse, a contaminated hull can carry foreign species from one location to another.
To work against invasive and destructive species, anti-fouling paint has been developed to coat the hulls of vessels as they make their way from country to country, transporting goods, materials and food. Anti-fouling paint is a specialized coating applied as the outer layer of paint on a ship’s hull to reduce the build-up of fouling organisms and in some cases to act as an anti-corrosion method as well. While helpful in reducing fouling on a ship’s hull, anti-fouling paint does also bring about some environmental concerns due to the components in the paint’s material.
Regardless of where one stands on the merits and ecological implications of anti-fouling paint, exterior hull surfaces (anti-fouling or not) need to be inspected regularly to ensure that they are holding up and that organisms are not collecting on the hull. Over time, painted surfaces will corrode and need to be reapplied.
Monitoring the status of paint jobs can be a cumbersome and costly task. Traditional methods of performing hull inspections include hiring a dive team or dry docking (pulling the entire vessel out of the water). Both of these methods are quite expensive and this factor may lead to fewer inspections being performed. This is alarming because more than the capabilities of the ship's performance can be negatively impacted. The ship's hull can easily become a conduit for invasive species to migrate to new waters. To learn more about the negative impacts of invasive species follow the links here:
Once biofouling organisms have built up on the hull, removing the species and cleaning the bottom of the ship can be a costly endeavor. The vessel may need to be dry-docked or may require sub-surface cleaning by divers to remove the critters living on the hull.
While in-water cleaning might seem like a viable solution, there are major ecological debates regarding whether it should even be allowed. Not only does hiring a dive team add cost, there is a widespread concern regarding the materials used to clean the hull and the toxins released into the water. To read more about the concerns with both anti-fouling paint and in-water cleaning check out this great article by ECO Magazine.
By inspecting the hull daily, operators can ensure that the paint job will be refreshed or restored as soon as signs of corrosion begin to appear. Daily or frequent inspections radically reduce the opportunities for organisms to build up and pose threats to new ocean ecosystems and hull integrity.Deep Trekker ROVs are built to last. They are robust systems that are entirely portable and can be deployed within minutes. The ease-of-use they offer means that virtually any crew member can operate the underwater drone. To learn more about how Deep Trekker ROVs are the perfect tool to monitor your hull follow the link here.
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